Diet for Diabetes

Diet for Diabetes Patients

Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body is unable to produce enough insulin or cannot properly use the insulin it does produce. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is released into the blood stream when the blood glucose level rises (after a meal). Insulin allows glucose to move into cells where it can be used for energy production. Glucose is a carbohydrate and is the body's main fuel.

When the body is unable to produce enough insulin or use the insulin it does produce, cells cannot use glucose for the energy they need. When this happens the blood glucose level will become high.

Diabetes is divided into two main categories:

Meal planning involves selecting the right foods to eat, eating the right number of calories, and scheduling meals properly. This is especially important for the patient who needs to lose weight. Since diabetes is directly related to how well the body uses food, meal planning is an important tool for all diabetes patients, both type I and type II. Good meal planning enables the diabetic patient to do the following:

  1. Better control the amount of glucose in the blood.
  2. Improve the body's ability to use insulin (the timing of meals and the amount of food eaten at each meal affect the way the body uses insulin).
  3. Control weight by monitoring the number of calories consumed.
  4. Feel better and improve overall health through more nutritious meals and eating habits.

The meal plan for diabetes should help achieve the following three goals of nutritional management:

  1. Improve blood glucose and lipid levels (triglyceride level and cholesterol level).
  2. Achieve consistency in day to day food intake for those with type I diabetes, and weight management for those with type II diabetes.
  3. Provide adequate nutrition for all stages of life and coexisting conditions.

Target Nutritional Goals for Diabetes

Power for Diabetics

Physicians in Europe have been using benfotiamine, a fat-soluble form of thiamine (vitamin B1), to treat diabetes complications for the past decade with great success. According to researchers at Case Western Reserve in Cleveland, Ohio, benfotiamine blocks three of the major culprits responsible for blood vessel damage in patients with elevated blood sugar levels. As a result, it helps prevent retinopathy, neuropathy, and other complications of diabetes.

Benfotiamine is found in small quantities in garlic, shallots, leeks, and onions, though you'd have to eat an awful lot of these vegetables to obtain therapeutic doses.

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